Now that we've explored some of the key tools and techniques frequently used by technical analysts, let's finish by considering how you should go about choosing which ones to use in your own trading.
As we saw in the last section, using several moving averages at once can provide all manner of trading signals, so it's important you chose the right ones to suit the situation and your trading style. Remember that shorter-period (faster) moving averages stick closer to the price, so you're more likely to catch trends or reversals early - though, you're also more likely to get caught out by false signals and fakeouts.
Similarly, EMAs give more weight to recent price movements than MAs, so tend to react more quickly to price moves - though are also more vulnerable to short-term price spikes.
The best way to trade with moving averages is to experiment yourself with different speeds and find the ones that work for you, based on the type of signals you're looking for and whether you're trading over the short or long term. However, it's sensible to start off by looking at the most popular periods, because the more traders that are using these levels, the more likely they are to become self-fulfilling.
For example, if enough traders believe an asset's 50-day simple moving average will turn out to be a strong resistance level - and decide to sell when the market reaches it - then the price will indeed be forced down because of that selling pressure.
The most popular moving average periods are:
In this basic introduction to technical analysis we've gone through a fair number of chart patterns, candlestick patterns and looked at one technical indicator in depth. Even with this limited knowledge of the subject, you can start finding a large number of trading signals on pretty much any chart you care to look at. And yet this is barely scratching the surface of the number of techniques and indicators available. So how do you select the best ones to use?
As we touched on earlier, no indicator, pattern or technique is right all the time. False signals are thrown up constantly - so the best way to use technical analysis is to try and identify when you can trust a signal, and when (and why) false signals appear. You can do this by studying how the market tends to react in different situations, and by combining techniques like trend analysis with moving averages, chart patterns and other indicators.
The more techniques you know, the more you can draw on to help inform your trading strategies - though it's by no means necessary to know how to use every major indicator out there. It's really all down to you and how you like to trade. Some traders only use support and resistance levels for example, while others combine a large number of complex indicators.
The only true way to learn is to try it out for yourself and see what works for you - though we'd recommend practising these techniques on a demo platform first.